MANET Protocols and Analysis
[Broch-Maltz-Johnson-Hu-Jetcheva-1998 (doi) .]
Josh Broch, David A. Maltz, David B. Johnson, Yih-Chun Hu, and Jorjeta Jetcheva
“A Performance Comparison of Multi-Hop Wireless Ad Hoc Network Routing Protocols”,
Proceedings of the 4th annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom),
Dallas, Texas, United States, 1998, pp. 85–97
ResiliNets Keywords: DSDV, DSR, AODV, TORA, MANET Routing
Keywords: none listed
Abstract: "An ad hoc network is a collection of wireless mobile nodes dynamically forming a temporary network without the use of any existing network infrastructure or centralized administration. Due to the limited transmission range of wireless network interfaces, multiple network “hops” maybe needed for one node to exchange data with another across the network. In recent years, a variety of new routing protocols targeted specifically at this environment have been developed, but little performance information on each protocol and no ralistic performance comparison between them is available. This paper presents the results of a derailed packet-level simulation comparing four multi-hop wireless ad hoc network routing protocols that cover a range of design choices: DSDV, TORA, DSR, and AODV. We have extended the ns-2 network simulator to accurately model the MAC and physical-layer behavior of the IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard, including a realistic wireless transmission channel model, and present the results of simulations of networks of 50 mobile nodes."
Notes: (optional) Highly-cited paper drawing conclusions about the relative performance of proactive and reactive MANET routing protocols.
[Perkins-Royer-Das-Marina-2001 (doi) .]
Charles E. Perkins, Elizabeth M. Royer, Samir R. Das, and Mahesh K. Marina
“Performance Comparison of Two On-Demand Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks”,
IEEE Personal Communications, vol. 8, #1, February 2001, pp. 16–28
ResiliNets Keywords: AODV, DSR, MANET routing
Keywords: none listed
Abstract: “Ad hoc networks are characterized by multihop wireless connectivity, frequently changing network topology and the need for efficient dynamic routing protocols. We compare the performance of two prominent on-demand routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks: dynamic source routing (DSR) and ad hoc on-demand distance vector routing (AODV). A detailed simulation model with MAC and physical layer models is used to study interlayer interactions and their performance implications. We demonstrate that even though DSR and AODV share similar on-demand behavior, the differences in the protocol mechanics can lead to significant performance differentials. The performance differentials are analyzed using varying network load, mobility, and network size. Based on the observations, we make recommendations about how the performance of either protocol can be improved”
Notes: Confirms AODV >90% PDR in well-connected low-mobility ns-2 simulations
David Oliver Jörg, Torsten Braun, Marc Heissenbüttel
“Performance Comparison Of MANET Routing Protocols In Different Network Sizes”,
Computer Science Project Report, Institute of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, Computer Networks and Distributed Systems (RVS), University of Berne, Switzerland
ResiliNets Keywords: AODV, DSR, LAR, ZRP, MANET Routing
Abstract: "A Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes forming a temporary network without using any centralized access point, infrastructure, or centralized administration. To establish a data transmission between two nodes, typically multiple hops are required due to the limited transmission range. Mobility of the different nodes makes the situation even more complicated. Multiple routing protocols especially for these conditions have been developed during the last years, to find optimized routes from a source to some destination. The scope of this project was to test routing performance of four different routing protocols (AODV, DSR, LAR 1 and ZRP) in variable network sizes up to thousand nodes. We have used QualNet Simulator from Scalable Networks to perform the simulations. This paper describes the different routing protocols, the simulator and the experiment setup and finally presents and discusses the results."
Notes: Confirms high AODV performance in QualNet simulations, example of MANET comparisons with varying network diameter.